Continue to our list of those heroes who made great efforts on climbing Mt. Everest. Because of them, our dreaming tour to Everest – the highest mountain in the world become true, not only for professional mountaineers but also for normal people.
- In 1956, a Swiss climbing group led by Albert was successful to attempt to the summit of Mt. Everest. It’s the second time after the New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Nepali Sherpa guide Tenzing Norgay did it in 1953. They also followed the same route which was climbing Everest from the south side to Kumbum Glacier, and then reach the summit from the col between Everest and Lhotse (8,501 meters/ 27,891 feet) along the southeast mountain ridge. The recorded elevation of Mt. Everest was 8,848 meters (29,029 feet) as well.
- On 25th. May 1960, a new record for China and the world came into being. Commander-in-chief Fudong Han, team captain Zhanchun Shi, and vice-captain Fuzhou Wang led a group of Chinese mountaineers to climb Mt. Everest from Tibet. And finally, there were three members – Fuzhou Wang, Gongbu (Tibetan) and Yinhua Qu succeed in reaching the summit. This was the first time that the human beings conquered Mt. Everest from the northern side. Besides, there were 29 Mountaineers in this group who arrived over 8,100 meters (26,575 feet), and 13 of them got to more than 8,500 meters (27,888 feet), which shocked the whole world and won honor for China.
- It was the same time with Chinese group’s climbing in May 1960, another Indian climbing team led by Major Gio Singh was heading to the summit of Everest from the south side in Nepal. But they eventually gave up due to the extremely gusty wind when they arrived at 8,625 meters (28,298 feet).
- In 1962, the second Indian climbing group under the leading of Lieutenant Colonel Diasi tried to attempt to the summit of Everest from the south col. But they failed because of the same reason- extremely gusty wind. This time, there were two members reached 8,717 meters (28,600 feet).
- In 1963, captain Norman led an American team to climb Mt. Everest from Nepal. They chose a new way – going up along the southwest mountain ridge and finally, it worked. On 1st. May, there were two members reached the summit, while on 22nd. May there were another four. Up to that day, it was the fourth climbing team which was successful to stand on the top of Mt. Everest.
- On 27th. May 1975, there were nine Chinese mountaineers reached the summit of Everest from the northern side in Tibet, which broke the record of 1960 which was three mountaineers only.
- In May 1965, an Indian climbing team launched the third time of attempting to the top of Everest on the behalf of India. All the members were selected from the active servicemen in India and the leader was a Navy Major named Mu Gorghri. They were separated into four groups, of which started climbing on different dates – 20th. 22nd. 24th. and 29th. They followed with the old routes which were used by British or Swiss teams in the past. Finally, they did it! Nine members stepped on the summit of Mt. Everest and full-filled the empty of Indian climbing history.