We should always remember those heroes who tried their best to conquer Mt. Everest. Their efforts made this highest mountain in the world become accessible and our dreaming Everest tour turn into reality.
- In 1947, a Canadian man named Le · Diman climbed Mt. Everest from Tibet with a few local porters. But they only ascended at around 6,400 meters (20,998 feet) and got returned. This is the first Everest climbing after the second world war.
This time and those 8 times I’ve written in my last post were all climbing Everest from Tibet, China and none of it succeed.
The liberation movement was happening in Tibet during 1950-1951. Therefore, foreign mountaineers were allowed to climb Everest from Tibet only with government’s permission, which was controlled under strict regulations. From then on, the foreign mountaineers changed to climb Everest from the South Col, Nepal.
- In 1950, the first climbing group formed by Americans climbed Everest by following the South Col Route with the lead of Houston. As this was the first time to climb from Nepal, they only arrived at Khumbu Glacier, 6,100 meters (20.014 feet) above sea level.
- At the same year, a British team which was declared to be a reconnaissance team by captain Dierman, climbed Everest from the south side, Nepal. They had only 5 members and descended from 5,480 meters (17,979 feet). This was also the second time for Dierman to climb Everest.
- In 1951, same as the first time, British mountaineer Shipton led a team of 7 members arrived at Khumbu Glacier and returned after crossing 6,450 meters (21,162 meters).
- In 1951, a Danish man whose name was Larson crossed the border of China and Nepal illegally and tried to climb Everest from Tibet. As a result, he didn’t make it higher than 6,500 meters (21,326 feet).
- In May 1952, a Swiss climbing team formed with 10 Mountaineers, started the conquering journey from the south side of Everest, Nepal. The leader was Dietmar. There were two members, Ranbir and the Nepali porter Tengxin, had reached over 8,540 meters (28,019 feet). But they didn’t go further because the weather turned worse. Although they didn’t complete a successful summit, they did discover a route to the top from the south side of Everest, which was meaningful in the history of conquering Mt. Everest.
- In October 1952, also a Swiss team led by Sheva, climbed Everest from the South Col for the first time in Autumn, which was after the rainy season. Ranbir and Tengxin joined this group as well, it’s only less than 5 months after their first Everest climbing. But they were stopped at 8,100 meters (26,575 feet) for the same reason as the last time – the changing weather.
- 29th. May 1953, this was meant to be the most memorable day in the history of climbing Everest. Leading by John Hunter, a British team formed by 10 Mountaineers, started the trip to Everest from the South side, Nepal. Finally, the New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Nepali Sherpa guide Tenzing Norgay succeed to reach the summit of Everest, which renewed the record of climbing Everest. This was the first time for human beings standing on the top of the highest mountain on earth, the nearest place to heaven. At this time, Mt. Everest was measured as 8,840 meters (29,003 feet). There were another two members of the team, Avans and Bull had reached 8,720 meters (28,609 feet) as well.
—to be continued